Immunity

Immunity

By Ailya Abbas
 
Originated from China, Novel coronavirus has created a chaotic atmosphere all over the world through its unprecedented speed of fatal impact. After starting from Wuhan city in China, it spread rapidly to its adjacent countries as well. The new cases affected by this virus have been increasing relentlessly.



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As per China, within two months, about 75,000 people have gone under its effect in which more than 2000 people have lost their lives so far. However, China’s second-largest company, Tencent Holdings may have reportedly leaked a report revealing an actual number of deaths through this deadly virus, which is about 24,000 higher than the actual figures released by the government. It also revealed that more than 25,000 people have died so far.
These stats are indeed alarming not for China itself but for the whole of the world as many of the countries including Japan, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia,  Australia, US, UK, Germany, Iran, France and even India are under its threat.  
 
What is Novel Coronavirus? 
The novel coronavirus is among the types of viruses from the family of coronavirus including SARS(Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome) and MERS(Middle East Respiratory Syndrome) that typically affect the respiratory tract of mammals, including humans. Novel Coronavirus is the recent virus that had not been identified earlier in humans that starts from the common cold to severe diseases.
These viruses get associated with the common cold, pneumonia, cough, etc. Common human coronaviruses include multiple types like 229E, NL63, OC43, and HKU1, that usually cause mild to moderate upper-respiratory tract illnesses, like the common cold.
Human coronaviruses can also cause lower-respiratory tract illnesses, such as pneumonia or bronchitis. It can occur in people mostly with cardiopulmonary disease, people with weakened immune systems, infants, and older adults. Few general symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath which turns serious as a severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure and even death.
 
Prevention is better than cure 
It is said that before facing any adverse situation of illness, prevention is better than cure. To prevent any kind of bacteria, infections and viruses, taking a few preventive measures to practice good hygiene to save your health and life is better. As per the standard recommendations from the experts, try to follow the suggested precautions every day.
 
• Regular handwashing with at least 15 seconds with liquid soaps.
• Covering the mouth and nose while sneeze or cough.
• Washing and cooking meat and eggs thoroughly.
• Avoiding close contact with anyone having symptoms of respiratory illness.
• Avoid huge public places.
• Avoid getting closer with animals.
• Use disinfectants on your regular objects such as phones, laptops, door handles etc.
• Don’t make any close contact with any sick person.
• Do not touch your nose, mouth and eyes if your hands are not clean.
 
Immune system plays the key role 
Apart from taking these preventive measures, it is more important to ascertain a fact that any bacteria and virus attacks mostly on already sick or lower immune bodies. Building a stronger immune system is the best prevention for combating any infectious disease. Verily the immune system of the body stands upon the type of lifestyle you choose. The immune system is your body’s own natural ability to fight itself against pathogens, which makes your body not only able to resist all flu but other infectious elements also.
A good amount of sleep(7-8 hours), the required quantity of nutritious diet and regular physical workout, all of them play a pivotal role in generating your immune system. If you can maintain your immune system irrespective of your age, you need not fear any infections or viruses. It also has been observed that most of the people influenced by coronavirus are between the age group of 49-56 years. It is not proved yet but expected that the young children are least affected by this virus due to their higher immunity rate than senior people. The Malaysian Medical Association president Dr N. Ganabaskaran said, “Boosting the immune system would help the body fight viruses and bacterial attacks, as it is made up, of a network of cells, tissues and organs that work together to protect the body”.

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